Organising Documents on Caselines DCS for an Appeal or Review

Everything you send or receive during the course of the appeal or review litigation, including both correspondence about the case and formal litigation documents, will be automatically stored in your email system, but you will find that, as litigation proceeds over many months, you will end up with a large number of emails in your email system, so, whenever you receive, or send out, a key formal litigation document, you should store a copy of it in the appropriate location in Caselines Digital Case System (DCS), as described below, so that you can easily locate these important documents when needed as the case proceeds, and not have to search for them in your email system.

In addition to what is created by the appeal or review litigation process itself (i.e. formal litigation documents and correspondence about the case), you will have documents from the court/tribunal/administrative body which is being appealed from/reviewed. If you used DCS before, for the matter now being appealed/reviewed, you will still have those DCS cases and the documents in them. If you did not use DCS before then selected documents from the court/tribunal case or administrative decision below would be stored in a DCS case now. 

A word about terminology. The whole of the litigation is referred to as a "case" and the court/tribunal will allocate a case number. But the DCS system also uses the word "case" to refer to a collection of documents (from which, if necessary, a "bundle" can easily be produced). So there will be several DCS cases for your single court/tribunal case.  

Storing the above documents in DCS in the way described not only allows you to find key important documents quickly.

the DCS system is where I will look, from now on once you have set it up, for certain key documents as the litigation proceeds and you ask me to carry out work at each stage. It would not be cost-effective for me to search through your cloud storage, so don't give me access to your cloud storage, but instead you should put copies of the key documents, in DCS as explained below.          

Organising documents in Caselines DCS

In the DCS system, groups of documents are organised into what are called cases and, within each case, documents can be further divided into sections. As shown below, you will initially need to create one DCS case, and you may need, later on, to create further cases to produce bundles for the final hearing and for any other hearings. How to load documents is explained here.

The documents to be stored in the DCS Case Management case are shown in the table below. As well as making sure you do store the key formal litigation documents in the correct sections in the Case Management case as soon as you send or receive them, it is equally important that you do not store, in a section, a document which does not belong there. If, for example, you were to store every piece of correspondence sent or received, into the sections of the Case Management intended for formal litigation documents, “just in case”, that would defeat the object because the important documents would be lost among the mass of more routine correspondence.

Smith v Jones - Case Management case

Name of Section  Order by What documents should be stored in it

Claim or Appeal Documents  

 These are the documents, drafted by each side's barrister, which set out what each party contends for. They may be named, Notice of Appeal, Appellant's Notice, Response, Claim Form, etc.

Claim Form                                                                 30 Jan 16 


 Questionnaires and any documents filed with them such as case summaries. 

Questionnaire – Claimant                                            25 Feb 16

Questionnaire – Defendant                                           26 Feb 16


 Orders made by the court/tribunal (e.g. about how the parties are to prepare for the final hearing) and notices issued by the court or tribunal such as a Notice of Hearing - e.g.

Order                                                                            27 Feb 16

 Orders below

   If this is an appeal from a judgment at the end of a trial then the judgment/reasons for decision and the order made below are stored here. If this is an appeal from, or review of, the decision of an administrative body then the decision of the administrative body is stored here.

 If there have been several levels of decision, for example if the current case is an appeal from the decision of a planning inspector made on appeal from a local authority, or an appeal from the decision of a court or tribunal which was itself made on appeal from a court/tribunal below it, then there would be separate sections for each level.
 Other Relevant Documents    Documents relevant to the grounds of appeal/ grounds for review such as documents or reports considered by the court/tribunal/administrative body below. 
All offers from one party to the other (whether open offers, Part 36 offers, without prejudice except as to costs offers, or Calderbank offers) and any responses (e.g. explaining why an offer is not accepted, requesting further information, etc). If one party proposes mediation but mediation does not take place then the letter proposing mediation and any reply declining mediation.

Letter Defendant to Claimant                                        28 Feb 15

NB Offers and responses which are unqualifiedly without prejudice (i.e. without prejudice rather than without prejudice except as to costs) are not stored here.

Initial letters proposing/or refusing mediation are normally without prejudice except as to costs and so would be stored here, but any documents produced during, or in preparation for, mediation itself will be unqualifiedly without prejudice (even if they do not explicitly say so) and are not stored here.  

Important Note It is important that you do not store, in the sections shown above, documents which do not belong there. If, for example, you were to store every piece of correspondence sent or received, into the sections of the Case Management case intended for formal litigation documents, “just in case”, that would defeat the object because the important documents would be lost among the mass of more routine correspondence. You may need, when the times comes, to create a bundle containing documents directly relating to a particular forthcoming hearing but this should be done by creating a new and separate DCS case, to contain the documents required for that hearing (some of which may be copied from the above sections), not by adding documents to the above sections which do not belong there.

Cases for Hearings

As well as the DCS case shown above – which is for general reference throughout the case - you may need, when the times comes, to create a DCS case specifically to produce a bundle for the final hearing or for one or more shorter hearings before the final hearing.

Organising your own cloud storage (including email)

You will be granting me access to the DCS Case Management case so that I can use it for reference each time you ask me to do the next piece of work as the litigation proceeds. I do not need access to your own cloud storage such as Google Drive - indeed it it best if you do not grant me access to your own cloud storage as, because of the way the human mind works, if I have access to your cloud storage you may start to think - perhaps subconsciously - that when doing each piece of work you ask me to do, I will be considering everything contained in your cloud storage when, in fact, it is only the documents in the DCS Case Management case which I will be considering (together with any email message and attachments you provide to me at the point where you ask me to carry out the next piece of work in your case). Ensuring that I do not have access to your cloud storage will remind you that it is your responsibility to ensure that the DCS Case Management case is up to date with the key documents it is designed to hold (but no other documents).

Your cloud storage - and I include your email system under the general heading of your cloud storage - will contain a lot more documents than are contained in DCS. It will include documents generated by the litigation process itself but only a subset of these - key documents which have lasting significance for the duration of the case - will be in the DCS Case Management case. For example, when a Claim Form is served, a Certificate of Service is normally completed. If there is any dispute about whether service was valid that document will be needed, but normally the Defendant will file an Acknowledgement of Service or otherwise indicate that they have been served with the document (e.g. by filing a response) and there is no dispute about service and the Certificate of Service is never needed. So to avoid cluttering up the DCS Case Management case the Certificate of Service is is not stored in DCS. Yet the Certificate of Service still needs to be stored in your cloud storage - somewhere where you know where to find it if needed - in case, unexpectedly, it should be required at some point in the future and I ask you to email it (or a temporary link to it) to me.

Because your cloud storage (unlike DCS) is not something you provide me with access to, it is entirely up to you how you organise it (as long as when, exceptionally, specific documents are needed from it you can quickly find them and provide them to me) and the following suggestions about how you organise your cloud storage - including your email system - are only suggestions.

Your Email System

Virtually all correspondence you send or receive will be automatically stored in your email system. This even includes much correspondence received by post because (depending what it is) you will be scanning it in and emailing it to me to ask me to advise. Likewise you will be emailing to me PDF copies of any signed letters you send out by post which you have asked me to draft.

Occasionally, if there is a query, you may need to search for past email correspondence about the litigation. It is best to use a cloud email system - such as Gmail - which you will have access to at any time wherever you are because although many steps in litigation occur at predictable times there is always the possibility of something arising unexpectedly which may mean that you need to find old emails quickly when you are away from base. You can locate emails in your email system by date but it is also useful to group correspondence according to what it is about to make it easier to find. Most email systems allow you to create folders but Gmail has the advantage that instead of folders it uses "labels" and an email can be assigned to more than one Gmail label (by contrast, using the traditional folder system the only way to have an email in two folders at once is to make a copy of it). So you can have one general Gmail label for litigation emails and further labels for particular subjects such as Service Addresses. I would suggest that you have a high-level label naming the current case/appeal court - e.g. Smith v Jones - Appeal to Court of Appeal and then, below that, you could have the following sub-labels.  

Gmail labels (email folders)  

 LitCorr  All litigation emails (for current case)

 Service Addresses  Any emails from me regarding how to validly file and serve formal documents. Also any correspondence sent by you or received by you which notifies an address for service or a change of address for service of formal documents (including any correspondence notifying a change of solicitor representing the other party). Any notification by the court/tribunal of a change of address of the court/tribunal centre dealing with the case.

 Certificates of Service Signed Certificates of Service for key documents you  have served
 Advices Opinions and Advices written by me.

 Settlement  Correspondence between parties which aims to achieve a settlement. 
 CostsSchedules   Costs budgets, estimates of costs, and statements of costs filed by either party as the case proceeds. 

  CostsEvidence  Supporting evidence of the individual items of expenditure you have incurred in the case. 

This may include invoices from barristers and from any commercial document scanning or printing service you use. 

You can collect details of other, smaller, items if you wish which might be able to be claimed, particularly if the court/tribunal orders detailed assessment, but often the law of diminishing marginal returns applies – i.e. recording lots of small items takes time, and diverts from thinking about more important matters. Also most people want, if they can, to avoid the court/tribunal ordering a long and costly process for assessing costs (detailed assessment) by making their costs claim simple (leaving off the small items) and asking the court/tribunal for the faster and cheaper process of summary assessment.  

 CostsBehaviour  Any correspondence in which one party accuses the other of unreasonable litigation behaviour.

PDF copies of Emails

If a matter arises in the litigation which you ask my advice on, I might ask you to quickly provide me with PDF copies of the relevant emails which you have sent or received, particularly if an application is to be made for an interim order. You could create PDF copies of emails when I request them but, in case we are short of time then, it is better to plan ahead and set up Cloud HQ to ensure that whenever you send or receive an email a PDF copy is automatically created in your cloud storage (e.g. in Google Drive). Note that using CloudHQ will result in your data being processed outside the United Kingdom.

PDF copies of Bundles

As explained above, whenever there is a court hearing a hearing bundle will need to be produced, either by you or by the other side. If the hearing bundle is produced by you using DCS it will be produced in PDF form before it is printed and you should save the bundle PDF in your cloud storage (e.g. in Google Drive). Although, once used for a hearing, a DCS case bundle should be kept intact and unchanged, there is always the possibility of it being changed by mistake (you might amend it by mistake when you intended to update one of the general reference cases for example), so you should retain the bundle PDF as it was when you printed it out and created the hardcopy bundle, so that you have an exact copy of what the hardcopy bundle contained for each hearing.

Paper Files you should keep

The original signed copies of court/tribunal documents which have been filed/served (e.g. Claim Form or Appellant's Notice) should be kept in a paper file in case the court/tribunal should require them to be produced.


This information page is designed to be used only by clients of John Antell who have entered into an agreement for the provision of legal services. The information in it is necessarily of a general nature and is intended to be used only in conjunction with specific advice to the individual client about the individual case. This information page should not be used by, or relied on, by anyone else.

The information on this page about specific computer techniques is provided for information purposes only. Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that the information is accurate and up to date at the time it was written but no responsibility for its accuracy, or for any consequences of relying on it, is assumed by me. You should satisfy yourself, before using any of the techniques, software or services described, that the techniques are appropriate for your purposes and that the software or service is reliable.

This page was lasted updated in May 2017 Disclaimer